Dr. Hideaki Terashima
Ecological anthropology, ethnology, theory of nature-human relations, theory of egalitarian society, learning behavior of children
I conducted research on the Mbote people, hunter-gatherers living in the woodlands of Shaba Province in Democratic Republic of the Congo (former Zaire) (1976-1977). Then, I studied the Efe a hunter-gatherer Pygmy group, in the Ituri Forest of the north-eastern Zaire, and an agricultural people, the Lese who have a symbiotic relation with the Efe (1978-1990). Later, I visited some Pygmy groups, such as the Aka people in a marshland in northern Congo and the Baka in southern Cameroon (after 1991.) In Ituri, I studied the symbiotic relation between the Efe and the surrounding agricultural people from an ecological anthropological viewpoint. I also studied the Efe and Mbuti’s utilization of plants from an ethnobotanical perspective (a joint research project with Mitsuo Ichikawa, the results of which have been incorporated into an ethnobotanical database named “AFlora”). In recent years, I have been studying how hunter-gatherers understand nature in order to explore their position in the natural world from a perspective beyond the level of conventional ethno-science. In addition, I investigate the evolutionary development from primates to humans in various areas of social behavior and institutions; as well as problems regarding equality and learning behavior serving as the basis for human society.