Top > African Study Monographs > ASM Back Number > Vol.22 (2001) No.3
pp. 103-122

Joyce KINABO
Department of Food Science and Technology, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Visiting Professor, Research Institute for Food Science, Kyoto University

Nutrition in Africa in a Global Economy: Perspectives Challenges and Opportunities

ABSTRACT
This paper provides an overview of the nutritional situation in Africa and discusses briefly some of the factors that influence nutritional status of the different groups of the population. Malnutrition in Africa is increasing due to various factors, some of which involve the changing global economic policies. Perspectives of globalisation in relation to nutrition in Africa and the opportunities and challenges faced by nutritionists and relevant workers are presented. Globalisation is affecting food and diseases patterns in Africa hence changing the scenario of the nutrition problems in Africa. Africa is now facing a double burden of having to deal with traditional under-nutrition and emerging over-nutrition in the ailing economies characterised by poor physical and information technology infrastructure, unskilled and unmotivated workers and increasing poverty. Therefore, Africa has a long way to go to be able to participate in the global economy.

Key Words; Nutrition; Malnutrition; Economy; Under-nutrition; Over-nutrition.

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pp. 123-154

Aggrey AMBALI
Biology Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi
Harvey KABWAZI
Biology Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi
Lawrence MALEKANO
History Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi
George MWALE
Biology Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi
Davie CHIMWAZA
Biology Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi
John INGAINGA
Biology Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi
Naoki MAKIMOTO
Biology Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi
Setsuko NAKAYAMA
Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Masahide YUMA
Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University
Yukiko KADA
Lake Biwa Museum

Relationship between Local and Scientific Names of Fishes in Lake Malawi / Nyasa

ABSTRACT
An interview survey was carried out in 20 Malawian lakeside villages from 1999 to 2000 to clarify the relationship between local and scientific names of the fishes in Lake Malawi/Nyasa. Fishermen in various localities responded with 536 local fish names for photographs shown of 106 fish species and color morphs. Similarity analysis of local name usage produced three groups of localities corresponding with the Tonga, Tumbuka, and Nyanja/Yao languages. A single scientific fish species had 10.2 local fish names, while one local fish name covered 2.0 scientific fish species, and 64.3 % of local fish names were used only for one scientific species. A few local fish names were used widely irrespective of language, although 69.5 % of local fish names were collected only from one locality. These facts suggest that lakeside residents identify fish at the biological taxonomy level, although the naming was specific to a particular locality. Most fishes with a high variety of local names were shallow-water dwelling species with low local market values, whereas fishes with fewer local names were mainly offshore species of high commercial value.

Key Words: Lake Malawi/Nyasa; Local fish name; Scientific fish name; Specificity; Similarity; Diversity.

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